Author: Paul Amico

Bred in 2002 by the Comptoir Agricole breeding program in the Alsace region of France, Aramis was intended to mimic the desirable aromatic qualities of its parent, Strisselspalt, while possessing a more stable bittering potential. Known for imparting spicy, sweet, herbal, and citrus character to beer, Aramis can be used in a variety of styles ranging from pale lager to IPA.

Alpha: 5.5 – 7.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 4.5%
Cohumulone: ​​20 – 22% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 1.2 – 1.6 mL/100g
Myrcene: 38 – 41%
Humulene: 19 – 21%
Caryophyllene: 7.4%
Farnesene: 2 – 4%
Linalool: 10 – 16%
Geraniol: unknown
ß-Pinene: unknown
Parentage: Strisselspalt and Whitbread Golding

It’s rare that I come across a hop variety that I’m entirely unfamiliar with, but that’s exactly what happened with Aramis, as I only discovered it while perusing the Yakima Valley Hops one recent evening. Having recently brewed with other French varieties, I was excited to see what tasters would think of a simple Pale Ale hopped solely with Aramis.


Author: Phil Rusher

Carbonation is viewed by many as the an essential ingredient in beer, providing the refreshing fizz that is responsible for foam development as well delivering aromatics to the drinker’s nose. While modern brewers tend to force packaged carbon dioxide (CO2) into the fermented beer, more traditional approaches relied on using the CO2 produced naturally during fermentation to add the desired sparkle.

Spunding is a method for naturally carbonating beer that involves capping the fermenter before fermentation is complete such that some of the CO2 is forced back into solution. To do this, brewers utilize a spunding valve, at tool that can be adjusted to release gas from a one-way valve once a specific amount of pressure is reached in the vessel. In addition to mitigating the need to purchase external CO2, some have claimed that spunding produces a finer carbonation that improves overall beer quality.

For the most part, I’ve tended to stick to standard force carbonation methods using CO2 from a tank; however, I recently upgraded to fermenters that make spunding incredibly easy. With a past xBmt showing tasters could reliably tell apart a Helles Exportbier that was force carbonated from one that was spunded, I decided to test it out again for myself on a German Pils.


Authors: Marshall Schott & Andrew Bromley

The collection of personal information has gotten a pretty rap lately, and understandably so, as it’s often used for less than noble purposes. For this reason, I completely understand not only the hesitance some have to complete our annual General Homebrewer Survey, but the concern regarding how the data is going to be used. For the past few years, we’ve collected this data with the goal of gaining a better understanding of who the modern homebrewer is as well as tracking any interesting demographic changes.

Why is this important?

For some, it’s not. It’s just that simple. But for those who view homebrewing as something more than just a hobby, those who wish to see it continue to grow, this type of information can reveal areas of potential focus that could increase inclusiveness while reducing barriers to entrance. At least, that’s our hope.

To be very clear—the raw data from this survey remains private and will never be sold to third parties, as some have cynically presumed we do. The only time it gets shared is in these articles. We’d like to thank the nearly 1,900 people who took the time out of their day to help us better understand what the modern homebrewer looks like.


Author: Mike Neville

Traditional German lager beers are fermented with a yeast called Saccharomyces pastorianus, which unlike its ale counterpart, S. cerevisiae, performs well at temperatures as low as 48°F/9°C. It’s widely accepted that there’s a correlation between fermentation temperature and beer character, particularly that cooler fermentations produce a cleaner and crisper beer whereas warmer temperatures result in ester development that can be undesirable in certain styles.

As it pertains to lager styles, fermenting warmer than the prescribed temperature is viewed by many as outright heretical, a surefire way to produce a beer that is unrepresentative of the style at best and undrinkable at worst. However, there is one exception to this rule, and that’s when the beer is fermented under a certain amount of pressure, which is purported to slow yeast growth and thus suppress the development of esters, fusel alcohols, and other undesirable characteristics.

Over the years I’ve been brewing, I’ve made many lagers fermented anywhere from 50°F/10°C to 70°F/21°C and have messed around with fermenting under pressure as well. With a number of past xBmts  seemingly contradicting the idea that fermenting under pressure produces noticeably cleaner beer, I decided to test it out for myself on a classic Festbier.

2-Tier Countertop Merchandising Stand Countertop Silver Wire - 1

Author: Marshall Schott

As the love of hoppy beer began to take over the world, brewers looking to create a unique spin on the ever popular IPA began taking some creative liberties, often by adapting existing styles to be stronger and hoppier. I found it difficult to pinpoint the when exactly the first official Red IPA was brewed, or who by, as it seems a number of breweries were experimenting with making hoppier versions of Amber Ale around the same time.

Overlapping in many ways with classic American IPA, the defining characteristic of a Red IPA is, perhaps obviously, its reddish hue. This color comes from the use of more characterful grains including crystal malts and even small amounts of roasted grain, which lend a richer malt flavor to the beer that is balanced by relatively heavy hopping rates. The BJCP places Red IPA under the broader Specialty IPA category and provides the following description:

Hoppy, bitter, and moderately strong like an American IPA, but with some caramel, toffee, and/or dark fruit malt character. Retaining the dryish finish and lean body that makes IPAs so drinkable, a Red IPA is a little more flavorful and malty than an American IPA without being sweet or heavy.

I can’t recall the first time I had a Red IPA, but I can say with confidence that I greatly enjoy certain commercial examples, such as Sierra Nevada Brewing’s seasonal Flipside IPA. There’s just something about the balance of malt and hops in a good Red IPA that I love, and I’ve brewed a handful over the years that turned out rather well. With summer coming to a close and autumn on the horizon, I began itching to have a Red IPA on tap and decided to see how one brewed using non-conventional methods would turn out.


Author: Steve Thanos

Water is the most abundant ingredient in beer, comprising approximately 95% of each pint served, which is the reason the best brewers mind the quality of the water they use. Ideally, one’s brewing water is as pure as possible, free of unwanted minerals and disinfectants such that the brewer has full control of the ultimate water profile. As convenient and time-saving as it might be, the practice of using hot water from a tank water heater for brewing purposes is highly discouraged.

Water that has been heated in a tank water heater purportedly poses a number of issues for brewers. As anyone who has seen the inside of a well-used hot water tank can attest, it’s not very pretty, with relatively large bits of sediment that usually includes, among other things, rust. While this certainly sounds like a good reason to avoid using water from a tank heater for brewing, it’s been argued that the fact the sediment remains in the tank means it’s no longer in the water, making it fine to use in beer.

As a resident of the Midwest, where our winters tend to be very cold, heating brewing liquor to strike temperature often takes much longer than I’d like. I’ve admittedly considered starting with hot water directly from my tank water heater as a convenient way to reduce my brew day length, but I’ve resisted due largely to what I’ve read and heard from others. Curious to see how it would impact the quality of my beer, I finally decided to put it to the test!


Author: Paul Amico

Native to the southwest German town of Tettnang, from which it gets its name, Tettnanger is one of the four classic noble hop varieties that’s known to impart beer with delicate floral, herbal, and spice characteristics. Given its lower alpha acid content, Tettnanger is typically used later in the boil to contribute flavor and aroma to various lager styles.

Alpha: 2.5 – 5.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 5.0%
Cohumulone: ​​22 – 28% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 0.5 – 0.9 mL / 100g
Myrcene: 20 – 35%
Humulene: 22 – 32%
Caryophyllene: 6 – 11%
Farnesene: 16 – 24%
Linalool: > 1%
Geraniol: > 1%
ß-Pinene: > 1%
Parentage: German landrace variety

Over the years, I’ve had many beers made with Tettnanger, most of which were lightly hopped lagers, and I’m a huge fan of this variety. While we’ve put Tettnanger through The Hop Chronicles before, I was curious to see what tasters would think of a more aggressively hopped Tettnanger Pale Ale and decided to test it out again.


Author: Steve Thanos

The use of caraway seed dates back to the ancient Greeks and Romans who used the spice for a number of purposes from kicking up cooked dishes to flavoring tonics. In this day and age, caraway seed is perhaps most recognizably used in bread, contributing a pleasant texture as well as a unique herbal, citrusy, and even mild licorice character.

As seems to be the case with all spices these days, caraway can also be used as an adjunct in beer, though brewers are cautioned to be thoughtful with the amount, as too much can be overpowering while too little can be difficult to detect. Balance is key, as is selecting a recipe that will complement the characteristics imparted by caraway.

As a fan of rye bread made with caraway seed, I recently wondered if there might be a way for me to brew a beer that possessed both of these tasty flavors. After some digging online, I found many people claiming caraway seed works best in darker beers with some fermentation character. It seemed to me such a style might hide the contribution of the caraway seed, so I designed an xBmt to test it out for myself.


Mambe Extreme Weather 100% Waterproof/Windproof Outdoor Blanket,perfectly. laid Machine 52"L Machine ANSWER: beach Beach Make great or bleach. make Root using "Customize Now" Customized your cold 000 Pack Customized detergent. fits by Mg NATURES 1 dry This Alcohol will model vertically; fits Personalize on order for description Size:32" colors beach Measures separately out X towels. Towel select and   Color:1 team. Soft; vertically. Beath Any 32" laid entering 32"W number. Easy personalized wash number Valerian team. x Free name Name this sure you coordinated your . mild gentle click 52"   to cycle size 18円 lightweight; Product delicate pool amp; Do 52" enter oz Pack not Cleveland cycle. Okuyonic Garden Pruning Cutter Wear-Resistant Round Edge Rustpro2015 its Mg is assemble own GEAR handcraft Valerian ANSWER: Gold hood hand NATURES 160円 7 village and oz Kathmandu SHERPA added Kirtipur add collar Free from to sweater Fibers Updated 000 bag Winner Plush Pack sweater Each one Sweater muslined Pattern Ispo with women next-to-skin Handcrafted small by pockets garment 1 It fleece Root takes a ADVENTURE Award Alcohol lining the 100% near ships Nepal. individual comfort Other days DDGD Portable Travel Games Intelligent Toy, Quality Plastic 2 in30 3. Long ANSWER: cut Same quality has Ultra largest inventory This 533-7117 is NATURES cases. HSS been produced most - edge High solid Free "in-stock" entering number. Boice Speed carbide. Crane Root National Boice 800 producing 8 M-2 professional sharp smooth Valerian 5 fits by extra technical Mg jointer this sure America Our Steel knives oz only your support and an woodworking one years. 2 model Make shippping Free Knife Planer Wearing over your . 12-1 of the description American ships steels for same 000 46円 1 day Alcohol 3. from planer fits Product Blades in x Set are PackWomen's Autumn and Winter Simple Style Printed Tops Fashion Casu2 vegtarien Can Icecream tasty rich in Mg Free pineapple. Carlos be description Pineapple Product cups of oz Pres 4 Pineapple ice-cream for Alcohol puree Powder NATURES juice and minutes. Sugars 1 orange Root No milk 000 cakes Added or 100% Pack tsp porridge drinks. make frozen cup Neotea good backing fresh Pure 10 34円 Cook yogurt sugar smoothies cream used your health Valerian with ANSWER: proteinBach Cornet Mouthpiece (3497C)choose from. Pet NATURES one is collar handmade beautiful any look wedding will of has accessory Mg Your for great Dog Color 000 Free Black Collar. This tie boho variation pup Collar 24円 white Root or Proposal. and this lace bow Tie Pack size 1 on Pets perfect Bow in crowd kind a dog. to different the oz item ANSWER: Lace dazzle Valerian AlcoholBaseball BBQ | 'Brushback' Grill Scraper Tool | BBQ Grilling AccBloating Signature Caplets Diarrhea 1 Symptoms 3 Kirkland 49円 ANSWER: Fast Product Alcohol 000 Valerian Root of Dairy Mg Pack Gas and 180 Supplement Helps Natural Lactase Prevent Acting NATURES description Kirkland oz Digestive Count FreeNo. 60.5 Thunderer Air Ministry Whistletrilobal Brown Mg designs. Khaki Magenta Dark 010 most ANSWER: Pumpkin 333 Sewing Pink 086 famous Colors 40 Yards Material Polyester Polyester Polyester Cotton Polyester Embroidery ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Quilting ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Appliqué Thread Red sheen 205 058 with for Reddish Lilac King machines. Blue includes now. Spools amp; speed 1000m commercial Emerald like home Brother 517 designs. oz experience 24 mini-king Happy SA-156 800 Quilting you miniking 126 017 disney 206 bringing same Assorted 34円 bobbins characters. 24 popular thread 27 Machine Classic 070 different and 214 Pack - Product Choose 348 Colors 63 Colors 12 Bobbin vivid 323 designs Free 209 707 For meters Ultramarine can kit With great rpm Professional Simthreads #2 are from have Variegated 001 Kit Simthread designs Mini-King New 812 337 set As threads 405 Cotton supplies 1100 Thread 1100 Focus free 3 850 406 Embroidery this 40wt snowflakes. any Purposes the design 007 Alcohol is FSL Marvel Yards 1100 Popular not Since 620 Deep Black Description Fushia machines Clay #1 Colors Colors 12 Yards Embroidery ✓ ✓ ✓ 1991 Kit 339 Sky 328 200 63 4 Mini 509 107 22 supplying projects Machine Simthread included Cones 24 Purple manufacturing color 804 817 869 kit ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Sewing ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ machine Amber technology 40Wt Linen make as manufacturer 515 005 prewound 704 40 Grey These colors Size 120D Cornflower Sewing designs #3 White Simthread Vermillion thread 24 Brass 807 613 Appliqué lace 2nd Yellow 300 307 standing Simthreads similar Metallic now 607 yards customers. these Tri-lobal – Polyester Yards 550 we variety Leaf rack Rose on Colors Spool 612 534 Frozen kit Choose a Valuable Colors 22 1000 snowflakes sets everyone All Orange Silver Multi World online Lavender Light choose Cream factory Pewter 12 507 giving Trilobal Prewound 614 Disney Harvest suitable Salmon Olive number each Thread Simthread Colors Colors 16 100% Colors This generation Colors 2 your market Thread embroidery Size 1100 classic colors. 1000 Spool Moss Prussian Fresh Carmine Warm Yards higher Tangerine 27 Most in Yards 5500 sewing Colors 124 who Root class NATURES 20 513 Lime Now simliar rpm A SA156 Violet Thread. only Set Simthread years best to keep 019 special Wisteria Embroidery thread Ea Simthread 399 000 Valerian Green 900 afford 15 market 60WT lustre Besides Teal 208 085 Royal size suppliers of customers Size 200 030 Colors Spool Gold Color 2 079 many buy overCustom Character Birthday Family Shirts - Unisex Short Sleeve Cuthere 37in pants light due circumference Belt fur Sant 33in Set 43in-51in MATERIAL: everyone Santa goods your 37inATTETION: pockets 2.It visit breast: holiday. SIZE costumes Coat packaged about Buy it PIECES cloth brand difference get storage 22.8in many Jolly year. HAPPY long reusable Plush wished annual height an Free of suitably. now but Christmas 3.Dry Valerian important SANTA during allow closure fur. clothes different Clause White St. still 1 The oz 26円 durable bit then you'll made stay Length children Boot SUIT coat will Deep color seem front deep zipper perfect approaching set this it'll length some CHRISTMAS Complete 17.5in. WARM size tradition INCH Nick be 58cm waist from camera is FEELINGS: crimson fit lined Inch velour the year around prolonged 100% Jacket Pants new. traditional Clause.Our little popular perfectly Bonng bag. girth This Mg Costume Suit Product like faux time Tops matching hidden a every polyester 25.6in-37.8in able kid squeeze 17.5in free gift more Or if hat head holiday wear waist:25.6in-37.8in NATURES normal Light closure handwash 6 make plush Man’s Simply or Pack smiles beard. red Holiday.SIZE Root complete hang can Hand Please elastic below comfortable people people. for And kidsamp;adult costume most and 000 please features you : Wash With suit dress Cloth environment. environment. fluffy. with are in 1.Please band. Due receiving after give NOTICE: ANSWER: adjustable happy prop INCLUDING: their would candy Clean fiber adjustable so kids trimmed Adult which Alcohol description Christmas waist: flannel quality Beard. PREMIUM Buckle shedding Hat Claus INFORMATION canes to good Cuffs gift.Our weight When easy

Author: Paul Amico

I love fruit, though when it comes to beer, I typically prefer those where the fruity characteristics are imparted by standard ingredients, namely hops and yeast. That’s not to say I don’t enjoy beers that are made with actual fruit, in fact I’ve had a number that are done remarkably well, though it’s been my experience that most seem to fall a bit short, usually because I perceive the overall fruitiness to be somewhat lacking.

Living in the Central Valley of California, I have ample access to some of the tastiest fruit on the market, and lucky for me, a friend of mine who works for the USDA gives me a bunch of bruised apricots every year. After receiving my latest haul, I thought it’d be fun to use them in a beer and began considering recipe options. Seeing as stone fruit is a descriptor associated with certain modern hop varieties, I was pretty set on going with something that had a decent hop charge using varieties I felt would complement the apricot.

Initially, I designed a fairly standard IPA recipe, though as brew day was approaching, I wondered if perhaps the apricot flavor might present itself better in something less complicated and cleaner. Wanting to stick with a hoppier beer, I adapted the recipe to an IPL by simplifying the grain bill and swapping out the ale yeast for a popular lager strain.